Native American Employment and Training Programs have a long history of service to their communities.
Federal assistance to Indian and Native American tribes and organizations to provide employment and training services began with the Manpower Development of Training Act of 1962, and continues today through the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014. Indian and Native American Tribal services and programs were initially implemented through the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Tribes. Off-reservation programs administered through Indian-controlled organizations began with the passing of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) of 1973, and with on-reservation programs, continued with the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) of 1982, and then legislation, the Workforce Investment ACT (WIA) of 1998. Beginning July 1, 2015, the Indian and Native American Programs began implementing their programs under the current Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) of 2014.